3.OA.4. Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers.
3.OA.5. Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.
3.OA.7.Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 × 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.
3.NBT.3. Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10–90 (e.g., 9 × 80, 5 × 60) using strategies based on place.
4.OA.1. Interpret a multiplication equation as a comparison.
4.OA.4. Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1–100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1–100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1–100 is prime or composite.
5.NBT.5. Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the standard algorithm.